A silk that glitters like Gold, Muga silk from Assam is world’s costliest silk. Nature’s wonderful gift that is extracted from a species of worm not to be found anywhere but in the North Eastern region of India, Muga Silk Sarees are truly the pride of Assam.
The gorgeous fabric, known for its extreme durability and natural yellowish-golden tint, is extracted from semi-domesticated silk worm called Aantheraea asamenisis. Antheraea assamensis are raised outdoors primarily on Som and Soalu trees.
The silk obtained is called muga, the Assamese word for the rich amber colour of the cocoon. The muga cocoon has a very weak peduncle and is golden yellow. Due to its color and its price, it is often compared to the precious metal.
A time taking process, weaving of a muga silk saree takes anywhere between 10 days to couple of months. Imperishable, the saree of the fabric is known to last a lifetime with its shine getting better with each wash!
Popular traditional motifs seen on a muga saree includes Jappi which is inspired from a typical Assamitopi, Miri Gos Butta inspired from a pattern of miniature tree motifs and kabutar or pigeons. These motifs are always geometrical in shape and have not changed in ages.
Muga silk was once reserved only for royalty which was adorned in pure zari to make it more grand and more attractive. Even today, Muga silk is perfectly adorned in rich embroidery and zari work to give it a very royal and classy feel. Over the years, it has managed to gain popularity as a coveted saree for weddings and special occasions.